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Voting machine that compiles from sourcecode

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Compiled sources of the voting program, requires you to trust the makers of the hardware.

Instead of having to trust that the makers of the software didn't insert any backdoor. Why not have a larger scale version of TCC boot, which would compile and store the result into a 'ram disk' for execution by the voting machine. (This mechanism can be possibly done via some chip)

On the top of the machine by a simple LCD screen, it will always show a checksum of the content of the source code drive, and the 'ramdisk'. It will constantly do this every second to ensure that no changes has happened to the source code, or the executables. (Any changes may be alerted to the user by lights or sound) [Also that hardware needs to be separate from the computer, as we don't want people tampering with the display]

===========

Also for this technique to be effective. The source code should also be open sourced.

mofosyne, Jul 29 2011

TCCBoot http://bellard.org/tcc/tccboot.html
it boots the linux kernal directly from source code [mofosyne, Jul 29 2011]

Reflections on Trusting Trust http://cm.bell-labs.../who/ken/trust.html
Even if the source is fine, how can you trust the compiler? Or the hardware? [Wrongfellow, Jul 29 2011]

Open Source Digital Voting Foundation (OSDV) http://www.osdv.org/
US Open Source Voting effort [jutta, Jul 29 2011]

The latest on the 2004 Ohio election. http://freepress.or...isplay/19/2011/4239
Note that the interesting bit here happened (if anything interesting happened) not at the polling place but later, out of sight. [jutta, Jul 29 2011]

[link]






       "Even if the source is fine, how can you trust the compiler? Or the hardware?"   

       Well can't you just ensure that the hardware uses a well known compiler (like TinyC compiler?)?   

       It means you can download the source code at home, run the checksum on the source and the resultant binary, and rock up and compare with the checksum display of the voting machine. (Who knows, maybe you can even have each machine twitter it's checksum automagically to twitter)   

       As for the hardware, well the very least we can do, is ensure that its custom made to be very minimalistic with low chip counts. Also to ensure that its hidden behind a transparent casing, so we can at least ensure that nobody blatently bypass the wiring. (VHDL to FPGA integrity checker? lol)
mofosyne, Jul 29 2011
  

       // Well can't you just ensure that the hardware uses a well known compiler (like TinyC compiler?)?
In that case, can't you just ensure that the hardware uses a well-known voting system?
  

       // custom made to be very minimalistic with low chip counts
Yeah, because when I look at impenetrable, complex blocks of industrially produced integrated circuitry with my bare eyes ... sometimes I have trouble keeping track of them if there are too many?
  

       Ken Thompson's article is a classic, and still relevant after many years.   

       Voting systems have the added problem that the end points aren't really very interesting. But once our voter has pushed the button, that data goes somewhere else, and we somehow trust that other place to add numbers correctly.   

       Making voting systems open source is a good idea (making *all* critical systems open source is a good idea, IMHO), and a simple web search for "open source" and "voting" should find many existing efforts.
jutta, Jul 29 2011
  

       //ensure that the hardware uses a well known compiler//   

       Then, you have to ensure that the compiler was compiled with a second well-known, trusted compiler.   

       How was the second compiler compiled? And so on.   

       This is the essence of the article I linked to.
Wrongfellow, Jul 29 2011
  

       This would be the easiest voting system in the world to tamper with. My illiterate neighboor could crack it. Hell, I could probably crack it. Proprietary code is proprietary for a reason, no?
Alterother, Jul 29 2011
  

       //... you cannot make a cryptographically secure open system. At some level there needs to be something like an escrow with a trusted third party. In particular with voting you cannot verify someones identity in an open system without exposing identity tokens, for example, having your iris pattern or fingerprints snaffled at the voting station. //   

       Are you sure about all that?
My understanding is that it's widely held that modern cryptographic systems should be open-source, and asymmetric cryptography deals with any need to keep secrets on the client.
Loris, Jul 29 2011
  

       There is no variation on the theme of Secret Ballot which cannot be subverted when there are Dishonest People about.
lurch, Jul 29 2011
  

       I wish such people were so easily identifiable in real life as you make them in print (w/ caps). It would make it so much simpler to get them in my crosshairs that way.
Alterother, Jul 29 2011
  

       Current drive is no longer valid>
8th of 7, Jul 29 2011
  

       //Even if the source is fine, how can you trust the compiler// Obviously, the voter writes their own compiler (This has the side-benefit of disenfranchising people who can't program.) ...   

       //Or the hardware?// ... and simulates it with pencil and paper.
mouseposture, Jul 29 2011
  

       Yeah, because we all know that programmers are the key demographic...
Alterother, Jul 29 2011
  

       I think you're talking about another issue, bigsleep.   

       When you say "you cannot make a cryptographically secure open system." You don't mean open-source, you're talking about a system without private data, (ie passwords).   

       So the voting booth isn't the only thing you have to trust - you also have to trust a counting device somewhere else. (as jutta said)   

       I'm now wondering whether you actually do. Suppose that aggregate results were made public at the voting station. Noone's privacy is compromised, and there's few enough of them for manual validation - declaring larger and larger heirarchical regions if necessary.
Loris, Jul 30 2011
  

       It seems pointless to try and make a transparent system out of submicroscopic, practically invisible transistors when you can use normal sized tools like pens or stamps and paper which are obvious when they are working or not.   

       I am not sure if that is what you were suggesting as a well known voting system [jutta], if so I agree.   

       But the invisible details of the hardware running in the voting booth are the only really bad parts of this. If you can trust the display and controls to be hooked up properly to the chips, and the chips to display a crypto hash of what is running, you are off to a much better start than a closed electronic system.   

       Regarding trusting trust, I will guess that voting fraudsters are more likely to modify their own voting machines than an old PC that's been gathering dust in the garage for 8 years, or the old Linux discs near it. So I can get a relatively trusted compiler on there. It also has crypto hash functions, though probably not the latest ones.   

       With a sufficient number of offline PC's a trusting trust attack on everyone's computers would be much more likely to be discovered than modifying secret hardware that is claimed to be a trade secret.   

       Though Stuxnet proved something about how insecure computers are.   

       [Alterother] // Proprietary code is proprietary for a reason, no? // there are plenty of other reasons than to be more secure. Not wanting to have it copied, or not wanting to admit what it does due to it looking bad.
caspian, Jul 30 2011
  

       [caspian] All very good points.
Alterother, Jul 30 2011
  

       I'd love to bake this a bun, but I just don't have the ingredients
Dub, Jul 30 2011
  

       //voting fraudsters are more likely to modify their own voting machines than an old PC//   

       Surely that depends on the design of the voting system?   

       As in, the fraudsters will modify whatever they have to in order to affect the result, whether that's a voting machine, an old PC, or something else entirely.
Wrongfellow, Jul 31 2011
  
      
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