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Airlift rope pump

Add air into water in rope pump action for pulser pump like effect
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[Edited: Changed from hydraulic ram to airlift and pulser pumps, also changed direction of rope] A simple explanation about rope pumps, airlift pumps and pulser pumps follows below.

This idea is about a high pressure easy to construct rope pump.

All you need is a thick pipe, a thin pipe, a rope and a wheel.

The thick pipe has the thin pipe inserted into it but not reaching all the way down. The rope is looped around the wheel, then inside the thin pipe, and then back up inside the thick pipe (but outside the thin pipe).

When the wheel is turned, the rope does two actions:

(a) It brings up the water in the thick pipe, and (b) pulls down air into the thin pipe, releasing the air at the end of the thin pipe, inside the thick pipe. (To understand this better see the airlift pump explanation below)

The air at the bottom of the thick pipe accumulates and creates pressure, similar to what happens in a pulser pump (see pulser pump explanation below).

The water coming up the thick pipe, with the help of the accumulated pressure of the air, moves faster than the rope, (hopefully, if this works), in a similar way to a person walking up an escalator, so the air pressure should be giving the rope action a boost.

Its more efficient now, because it is assisted by extra air pressure and the large bubbles (as seen in pulser pumps) completely seal the rope area.

Small washers on the rope may assist or peaces of mosquito netting.

If an air-water mixture is used, the water going down with air would come from a small amount of the water brought up. Because it is pumped out in a spray it accumulates back with a lot of air, the water mixture is then taken back down in the thin pipe by the down going rope action.

The air is then released under the thin pipe and pushes the water along with the rope extremely enhancing the pumping effect.

____________________

Explanations:

Rope pumps (see linked video) work by simply passing a rope loop (with or without knots or rubber "valves" on it) through a pipe, & outside it. When the rope is rotated (usually by a wheel on top) water is pulled up.

Pulser pumps (see linked video) work by taking aerated water or air bubbles in water downward by gravity, releasing the air into a cavity where it accumulates and then periodically once the pressure is high enough pushes its way up an exit pipe.

Airlift pumps (see linked video) are usually a simple device with a thin pipe taking air down, inserted into a thick pipe, both partially immersed in water to a good depth.

The air is released at the bottom of the thin pipe (but inside the thick pipe), & accumulates at the bottom of the thick pipe until enough pressure is built up. It then pushes its up, causing a pumping pulse upwards (in a way similar to pulser pumps).

pashute, Aug 24 2011

Airlift pump http://www.youtube....DW0&feature=related
thin tube sends air bubbles into thick tube [pashute, Aug 25 2011]

Rope pump http://www.youtube....mNA&feature=related
[pashute, Aug 25 2011]

Artificial pulser pump http://www.youtube....watch?v=QOn7Zu3CCxo
Model, along with explanation of the workings in mines. [pashute, Aug 26 2011]

Lake Nyos http://en.wikipedia...Lake_Nios#Degassing
Self-sustaining jet initiated by airlift pump. [8th of 7, Aug 26 2011]

[link]






       I'd get it if it were two separate pipes, but I don't see how you're going to push air down the outside pipe.
FlyingToaster, Aug 24 2011
  

       The rope going down the thick pipe takes air with it.   

       Put pieces of mosquito net along the rope, or rap the rope with the net, or use small pieces of sponge.   

       Please see links.
pashute, Aug 25 2011
  

       Can't see this idea making much headway against innovative ideas like the Archimedian screw, the paddle wheel, and the Boulton & Watt Reciprocating Beam Engine with Separate Condenser.
8th of 7, Aug 25 2011
  

       8'th could you explain? What's wrong this time?   

       The rope pump is extremely simple.   

       The airlift pump is extremely powerful and efficient, and is extremely simple as well.   

       This idea keeps the simplicity (two pipes a rope and a wheel) and hopefully combines the two. Why shouldn't it work? Or have merit?   

       According to the wikipedia sources that I found for rope pump, there are 4 million(!) pumps of this sort used for pumping drink-water in South America alone!   

       Replaced link. I hope to try it tomorrow.
pashute, Aug 25 2011
  

       right...
1. if you're not sure of the details, I sure ain't
2. Okay, but that's air going up, this post has the air going down
3. yup, that's what WP said too
4. Neat... I don't see any relation to this idea.
  

       So what I see your idea as forcing air down into an enclosed area to help pump the water up which is pretty straightforward, but what I don't see is why you have one pipe inside the other.
FlyingToaster, Aug 25 2011
  

       [pashute], I think you are a little fuzzy on a couple of issues here.   

       First, and perhaps, trivially, hydraulic ram pumps don't use air bubbles anywhere but in the pressure chamber (where a spring would work as well). You can eliminate all reference to them.   

       Second, the linked vid for the "manually-wound airlift pump" isn't at all helpful, and probably [later: most definitely] isn't even an airlift pump. You can lose that.   

       Third, if you have a good seal around the balls on a rope pump, air bubbles aren't going to have any effect, because the bubbles can't go up any faster than the rope is already carrying water.   

       Fourth, if this did work, you'd be doing just as much work to push air down as you gain by having air coming back up--minus the losses as the bubbles travel up through the water (the finer the bubbles the better, but you still are losing out).   

       Fifth, if you really wanted to make this, having nested pipes is just weird for comprehension. Put two pipes side by side (or explain things a lot better (and please rewrite to make the ups and downs clear).
baconbrain, Aug 26 2011
  

       First your right. I couldn't remember what the pulser pump was called, and found a reference to it as the invention of the hydraulic ram pump. In fact they (wikipedia) were correct that a certain type of hydraulic ram pump emulates the pulser pump, but later I learned as you said correctly that the ram pump works with a pressure chamber (which could work just as well with a spring). So I'm changing the name to airlift. And will change the explanations to "Similar to a pulsar pump".   

       Second, the manually wound airlift pump turns out to probably be a hoax. And your right in any case it doesn't help. Except that it was the inspiration for this idea, seeing the little amount of turning of the handle and the giant amount of gushing water. See my wikipedia entry on Wolfhart. (Start at wikipedia:Invention scam and search for him), anyway I removed the link.   

       Third, I'm talking about a valveless knotless rope- pump. See my anno about possible mosquito net improvement.   

       Fourth, ('you'd be doing just as much work to push down...') - correct again! But its not an over unity invention. Its just a better rope pump (hopefully). So as it is now I'm using 100% energy and getting back (up the rope) 2%. With this improvement I hope to put in a different 100% (Say 200% compared to the original) and get back 8% (16 compared to the original) because of the air pressure (not the bubbles but the accumulation of air at the entrance to upwards pipe.   

       Fifth, the idea of pipe within pipe made it so that there is no need for an accumulator. The way must simple (air pressure) airlift pumps work. I'll rewrite for clarity, and post here when done.   

       In any case: Thanks for the review!!
pashute, Aug 26 2011
  

       OK, better? No wait a sec...OK now.
pashute, Aug 26 2011
  

       Just a tip; when you edit your idea, don't write in where you've edited it in the idea. Newcomers can't follow what's going on and won't bother to try. It's no longer accessible. Just mention in your annos where you edited it, that's what they're for.   

       Sounds interesting though.
theleopard, Aug 26 2011
  

       Thanks theleopard. Corrected accordingly.   

       8'th?
pashute, Aug 26 2011
  

       The rope pump is a cheap, low flow device suited for hand operation. But if you have the rigid pipe running down into the water, how much better (and MUCH more efficient) to install a rod-operated force pump at the base of the pipe ?   

       Rope pumps have a relatively poor wiping "seal" (hem-hem) between the knots and the pipe wall; mechanically and hydrostatically inefficient. They are an improvisation for situations where nothing better is available.   

       The airlift pump has been shown to work in, for example, Lake Nyos, which has a layer of water supersaturated with CO2 at the bottom <link> where the air lift process generates a self-sustaining jet.   

       Airlifts are useful when diving as they are extremely simple and can lift objects up to the pipe bore in size, but consume large amounts of compressed air and therefore energy.   

       If you want to pump clean (potable) water, then an efficient turbine or reciprocating pump would be far more efficient; if you're planning on pumping an abrasive slurry, then maybe the other approach(es) are valid.   

       You're not re-inventing the wheel, here; rather, you're improving the "sled" while all around you, wheeled vehicles rumble past ....
8th of 7, Aug 26 2011
  

       I'm just wondering if a similar rope loop system could be used on the human digestive tract? On the rope, it has small sponges on it, saving a possible fortune in toilet paper.
not_morrison_rm, Aug 26 2011
  

       //You're not re-inventing the wheel, here; rather, you're improving the "sled" while all around you, wheeled vehicles rumble past// says the inventor of the Compressed-air powered guard's whistle.
mouseposture, Aug 26 2011
  

       Damn, you beat me to the punch... Good on yer, mate!
Alterother, Aug 27 2011
  

       Ahh, but who guards the Compressed-air powered guard's whistle, now there's the rub...
not_morrison_rm, Aug 27 2011
  

       4 million of them in south america providing drinking water to villages. Similar numbers in remote areas in Africa and central Asia.   

       Its more like the improving the sled, for people living in Siberia, Alaska, the Falkland Islands and Tierra Del Fuego.
pashute, Aug 28 2011
  
      
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