In the U.S. Constitution there is this:
Article 3, Section 3:
"Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort."
It is GOOD that there is a formal definition of "treason". Too many regimes throughout
History tended to define it as, "whatever the ruler arbitrarily declares to be treason".
Next, in Article 2, Section 1 is this:
"Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, [[the newly elected President]] shall take the following Oath or Affirmation: 'I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.' "
That Oath has been copied and modified, and is applied to just about everyone who works in the U.S. Government. There are Laws specifying this. For example:
"An individual, except the President, elected or appointed to an office of honor or profit in the civil service or uniformed services, shall take the following oath:
'I, [[name]], do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter. So help me God.' "
In other words, members of Congress must take that Oath. Bureaucrats must take that Oath. Cops must take that Oath. And everyone in the miltary, not just Officers, must take that Oath (or one very similar to it).
Do you see a possible problem when all of the above is together like that? The wording in the Constitution, regarding "Enemies", does not specify what causes someone to qualify as an "Enemy". Anyone who knows something about the anti-Communist hysteria in the 1950s, stirred up by Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, should be concerned about ARBITRARY declarations that so-and-so is an Enemy. What good is a definition of Treason, after all, if it relies on something that is still arbitrary???
So, I suggest that we need a Constitutional Amendment that defines "Enemy". Naturally, I'll offer some tentative wording here. Feel free to comment! Certainly I expect to explain some of the reasoning behind this particular wording in the Annotations.
"An Enemy of these United States shall be any Entity who either declares self to be an Enemy, or who deliberately Acts in a manner consistent with the Effect of either Diminishing the Rule of Law within these United States, or Inflicting Hardship upon most of its People, or both."