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pitch-bending harp

semitones are so 20th century
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The usual orchestral pedal harp has 7 strings per octave, tuned to a diatonic scale. 7 foot pedals each actuate semitone fretting mechanisms on all octave repetitions of one note of the octave.

The modern setup uses a pedal with 3 positions. The central position gives the natural note; the upper position is flat and the lower position is sharp. The pedals are spring loaded into the upper position, and there are two notches to allow them to be set in the middle or lower position.

The semitone mechanism is some kind of pincer (most often a rotating 2-tined fork) than pinches the string at a preset point, sharpening it by exactly one semitone.

The proposed mechanism replaces the pincer with a sliding metal roller that moves up and down the string. As usual, all the rollers for octave repetitions of one note of the octave are mechanically connected together to one foot pedal.

Pressing the pedal down will slide the note sharp by any amount (according to the amount the pedal is depressed), up to a whole semitone. Lifting the pedal with the toe similarly flattens the note. Notches are provided in all three positions allowing the pedal to be latched in the flat, sharp, or natural position.

Each pedal is spring loaded as in the usual setup. Because players may not wish to have to lift the pedal with their toe beneath it, an 8th pedal moves the spring loading mechanism to allow the other 7 pedals to be spring loaded to either the centre position, or the top position, as the player prefers. This 8th pedal has notches at the top and the bottom of its travel. Needless to say, this 8th pedal can also be used in 'sliding mode', simultaneously bending every string on the harp, or a selection of them, depending if the other pedals have been placed in a notch or not.

pocmloc, Mar 01 2010

M4M harp http://www.music4musicians.com/harp.htm
Explanation of the usual modern system [pocmloc, Mar 01 2010]

[link]






       I'm wondering how to fix a pedal at an interval of less than a semitone, so you can take your foot off it. A ratchet would work (lots of mini notches), engaged and disengaged by moving the pedal sideways, but would only allow discrete intervals. A friction clutch would allow any interval but how to engage and disengage it?
pocmloc, Mar 04 2010
  

       not sure how it would work mechanically, but you'd probably want to be able to tell the harp which notes you want to bend... one pedal to "mark" the beginning of notes-to-be-bent and another to actually bend them. (sort of like a sostenuto pedal on a piano but different and opposite).
FlyingToaster, Mar 04 2010
  
      
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